English Typing Test

726InJohnv.Rees(1)thetruerule,asimplicitinanylaw,issetdown“Ifthereisanydoubt,theapplicabilityoftheprincipleswillbegiventhebenefitofdoubt.”AndLordDenning,onthethemeofliberty,observedinSchmidtV.SecretaryofState(2)“Whereapublicofficerhaspowertodepriveapersonofhislibertyorhisproperty,thegeneralprincipleisthatitisnottobedonewithouthearing.”Humanrights: ItisamarkofinterpretativerespectforthehighernormsourfoundingfathershelddearinaffectingthedearestrightsoflifeandlibertysotoreadArt.21astoresultinahumanorderlinedwithhumanjustice.AndrunningrightthroughArts.19and14ispresentthisprincipleofreasonableprocedureindifferentshades.Acertainnormativeharmonyamongthe,articlesisthusattained,andholdArt.21bearsinitsbosomtheconstructionoffairprocedurelegislativelysanctioned.NoPassportOfficershallbemini-CaesarnorMinisterincarnateCaesarinasystemwheretheruleoflawreignssupreme. MyclearconclusiononArt.21isthatlibertyoflocomotionintoalienterritorycannotbeunjustlyforbiddenbytheEstablishmentandpassportlegislationmusttakeprocessualprovisionswhichaccordwithfairnorms,freefromextraneouspressureand,byandlarge,complyingwithnaturaljustice.Unilateralarbitrariness,policedossiers,facelessaffiants,behind-the-backmaterials,obliquemotivesandtheinscrutablefaceofanofficialsphinxdonotfillthe'fairness'bill-subject,ofcourse,tojustexceptionsandcriticalcontexts.Thisminimumonceabandoned,thePoliceStateslowlybuildsupwhichsapsthefinersubstanceofourconstitutionaljurisprudence.Notpartybutprincipleandpolicyarethekey-stoneofourRepublic. Let.usnotforgetthatArt.21clubslifewithlibertyandwhenweinterpretthecolourandcontentof'procedureestablishedbylaw'wemustbealivetothedeadlyperiloflifebeingdeprivedwithoutminimalprocessualjustice,legislativecallousnessdespising'hearing'andfairopportunitiesofdefence.Andthisrealizationoncesanctioned,itsexercisewillswelltillthebasicfreedomisfloodedout.HarkbacktoArt.10oftheUniversalDeclarationtorealizethathumanrightshavebutaverbalhollowiftheprotectivearmourofaudialterampartemisdeleted.Whensuchpleasareurgedinthefamiliarnameofpragmatismpublicinterestornationalsecurity,courtsareontrialandmustprovethatcivillibertiesarenotmererhetoricalmaterialforlipsservicebutthe,obligatoryessenceofourbard-won(1)[1969]2allE.R.274.(2)[1969]2Ch.149.727freedom.ARepublic-ifyouCanKeepIt-isthecaveatforcounselandcourt.AndTomPaine,inhisDissertationonFirstPrinciplesofGovernment,soundedthetossin: “Hethatwouldmake,hisownlibertysecuremostguardevenhisenemyfromoppression;forifheviolatesthis
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