English Typing Test

voidunderSection2oftheActasbeingrepugnanttoSection5thereof. 251.Forproposition(2)above,referenceismadeinthefootnotetoTaylorv.TheAttorney-General ofQueensland.23C.L.R.457Therelevantpassageswhichbearoutthesecondpropositionare: ItaketheConstitutionofalegislature,asthetermishereused,tomeanthecomposition,formor natureoftheHouseofLegislaturewherethereisonlyoneHouse,orofeitherHouseifthelegislative bodyconsistsoftwoHouses.Probablythepowerdoesnotextendtoauthorizetheeliminationofthe reprsentativecharacterofthelegislaturewithinthemeaningoftheAct.(p.468per-BartonJ.). Ireadthewords"Constitutionofsuchlegislature"asincludingthechangefromaunicameraltoa bicameralsystem,orthereverse.Probablythe"representative"characterofthelegislatureis-abasic conditionofthepowerreliedon,andispreservedbytheword"such,"but,thatbeingmaintained,I canseenoreasonforcuttingdowntheplainnaturalmeaningofthewordsinquestionsoasto excludethepowerofaself-governingcommunitytosaythatforStatepurposesoneHouseis sufficientasitsorganoflegislation."(p.474per-IssacsJ.). (ForpropositionNo.3,seeTaylorv.TheAttorney-GeneralofQueensland23C.L.R.457andClayton v.Heffron.)[1960]105C.L.R.214;251. 252.ThendealingwiththeCommonwealthConstitution,hestates:Anothersuggestedlimitationis baseduponthedistinctionbetweenthecoveringsectionsoftheConstitutionActandthe Constitutionitself;itisadmittedonallsidesthatSection128doesnotpermitofanyamendmentto thosesections.(AndinthisrespecttheStatuteofWestminsterdoesnotconferanynewpowerof amendment-indeeditisexpresslyprovidedthatnothinginthestatuteshallbedeemedtoconferany powertorepealoraltertheConstitutionoftheConstitutionActotherwisethanaccordancewith existinglaw.)InvirtueoftheircharacterofImperialenactmentsthecoveringsectionsofthe ConstitutionarealterableonlybytheImperialParliamentitself.Thequestionis,admittingthis principle,howfardoestheConstitutionActoperateasalimitationupontheamendingpower?It hasbeensuggestedthatanyamendmentwhichwouldbeinconsistentwiththepreambleoftheAct referringtothe'indissoluble'characterandthesectionswhichrefertothe"Federal"natureofthe Constitution,wouldbeinvalid.Therehasbeenmuchconflictofopinionrespectingthismatter;the viewheretakenisthatthepreambleinnowiseeffectsthepowerofalteration. 253.Inviewofthisconflict,noassistancecanbederivedfromacademicwriting. 254.ThecaseofTheAttorneyGeneralofNovaScotiaandTheAttorneyGeneralofCanadaandLord NelsonHotelCompanyLimited[1951]S.C.R.-Canada-31furnishesanotherexamplewhere limitationswereimplied.TheLegislatureoftheProvinceofNovaScotiacontemplatedpassingan actrespectingthedelegationofjurisdictionoftheParliamentofCanadatotheLegislatureofNova Scotiaandviceversa.
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