English Typing Test

HIGHCOURTOFJUDICATUREATALLAHABAD AFR CourtNo.-84 Case:-APPLICATIONU/S482No.-12300of2021 Applicant:-YasMohammad OppositeParty:-StateofU.P.andAnother CounselforApplicant:-RameshKumarChaurasia CounselforOppositeParty:-G.A. Hon'bleDr.YogendraKumarSrivastava,J. 1.HeardSriRameshKumarChaurasia,learnedcounselfortheapplicantandSriVinodKant,learnedAdditionalAdvocateGeneralappearingalongwithSriPankajSaxena,learnedAdditionalGovernmentAdvocate-IfortheState-oppositeparty. 2.ThepresentapplicationunderSection482oftheCodeofCriminalProcedure,19731hasbeenfiledwithaprayertoset-asidetheorderdated18.03.2021passedbyAdditionalSessionsJudge,F.T.C-1,BalliainCriminalRevisionNo.28of2021(YashMohammadVs.State),arisingoutoforderdated09.02.2021passedinCaseCrimeNo.360of2020underSections3/5-A/8ofTheUttarPradeshPreventionofCowSlaughterAct,19552andSection11ofThePreventionofCrueltytoAnimalAct,19603,PoliceStation-Bairiya,DistrictBallia. 3.ThepleadingsofthecaseindicatethatpursuanttoproceedingsinitiatedwithlodgingofanF.I.R.dated21.9.2020undersection3/5-A/8ofthePCSAandSection11ofthePCAAregisteredasCaseCrimeNo.360of2020atPoliceStation-Bairiya,District-Ballia,thevehiclestatedtobecarryingtheanimalswasseizedundersection5-AofthePCSA.Theapplicantclaimingtobetheownerofthevehicleinquestion,filedanapplicationbeforethecourtofACJM-I,Ballia,seekingreleaseofthevehicle.ThelearnedMagistrateupontakingintoconsiderationtheschemeoftheActandinparticular,sub-section(7)ofSection5-A,whichhasbeeninsertedbyU.P.ActNo.20of2020,rejectedtheapplication.Aggrieved,againsttheordertheapplicantpreferredarevisionbeingCriminalRevisionNo.28of2021(YashMohammadVs.State)andthelearnedAdditionalSessionsJudge/F.T.C.-1,BalliaheldthattherewasnoillegalityorirregularityintheorderpassedbytheMagistrateandaccordingly,dismissedtherevisionbyorderdated18.03.2021. 4.LearnedcounselfortheapplicanthassoughttoassailtheorderspassedbytherevisionalcourtandtheMagistratebyseekingtocontendthatsincethevehicleoftheapplicanthadbeenconfiscated,thecourtsbelowhavecommittedanerrorinrejectingtheapplicationforrelease,ignoringthepowersexercisableundersection451and457oftheCode.Hesubmitsthatthepropertyinquestioni.e.thevehiclewhichislyingwiththeauthoritiesisliabletobereleased.RelianceissoughttobeplacedonthejudgementinthecaseofSunderbhaiAmbalalDesaiv.StateofGujarat4 5.LearnedAdditionalGovernmentAdvocate-IhascontrovertedtheaforesaidcontentionbysubmittingthattheproceedingshavebeeninitiatedunderthePCSA,whichisaSpecialAct,andprovidesaseparateprocedurewithregardtoconfiscationandseizureunderSection5-Athereof,andinviewoftheprovisionscontainedunderSection5oftheCode,thepowersunderSections451to457relatingtodisposalofpropertywouldnotbeapplicable.Accordingly,hesubmitsthattheorderspassedbytheMagistrateandtherevisionalcourtcannotbesaidtobefaultedwith. 6.InordertoappreciatetherivalcontentionstheprovisionsascontainedunderSections5,451,452and457oftheCodemaybeadvertedto,andthesameareasunder:- "5.Saving.-NothingcontainedinthisCodeshall,intheabsenceofaspecificprovisiontothecontrary,affectanyspecialorlocallawforthetimebeinginforce,oranyspecialjurisdictionorpowerconferred,oranyspecialformofprocedureprescribed,byanyotherlawforthetimebeinginforce. 451.Orderforcustodyanddisposalofpropertypendingtrialincertaincases.-WhenanypropertyisproducedbeforeanyCriminalCourtduringaninquiryortrial,theCourtmaymakesuchorderasitthinksfitforthepropercustodyofsuchpropertypendingtheconclusionoftheinquiryortrial,and,ifthepropertyissubjecttospeedyandnaturaldecay,orifitisotherwiseexpedientsotodo,theCourtmay,afterrecordingsuchevidenceasitthinksnecessary,orderittobesoldorotherwisedisposedof. Explanation.-Forthepurposesofthissection,"property"includes- (a)propertyofanykindordocumentwhichisproducedbeforetheCourtorwhichisinitscustody, (b)anypropertyregardingwhichanoffenceappearstohavebeencommittedorwhichappearstohavebeenusedforthecommissionofanyoffence. 452.Orderfordisposalofpropertyatconclusionoftrial.-(1)WhenaninquiryortrialinanyCriminalCourtisconcluded,theCourtmaymakesuchorderasitthinksfitforthedisposal,bydestruction,confiscationordeliverytoanypersonclaimingtobeentitledtopossessionthereoforotherwise,ofanypropertyordocumentproducedbeforeitorinitscustody,orregardingwhichanyoffenceappearstohavebeencommitted,orwhichhasbeenusedforthecommissionofanyoffence. (2)Anordermaybemadeundersub-section(1)forthedeliveryofanypropertytoanypersonclaimingtobeentitledtothepossessionthereof,withoutanyconditionoronconditionthatheexecutesabond,withorwithoutsureties,tothesatisfactionoftheCourt,engagingtorestoresuchpropertytotheCourtiftheordermadeundersub-section(1)ismodifiedorsetasideonappealorrevision. (3)ACourtofSessionmay,insteadofitselfmakinganorderundersub-section(1),directthepropertytobedeliveredtotheChiefJudicialMagistrate,whoshallthereupondealwithitinthemannerprovidedinSections457,458and459. (4)Exceptwherethepropertyislivestockorissubjecttospeedyandnaturaldecay,orwhereabondhasbeenexecutedinpursuanceofsub-section(2),anordermadeundersub-section(1)shallnotbecarriedoutfortwomonths,orwhenanappealispresented,untilsuchappealhasbeendisposedof. (5)Inthissection,theterm"property"includes,inthecaseofpropertyregardingwhichanoffenceappearstohavebeencommitted,notonlysuchpropertyashasbeenoriginallyinthepossessionorunderthecontrolofanyparty,butalsoanypropertyintoorforwhichthesamemayhavebeenconvertedorexchanged,andanythingacquiredbysuchconversionorexchange,whetherimmediatelyorotherwise. 457.Procedurebypoliceuponseizureofproperty.-(1)WhenevertheseizureofpropertybyanypoliceofficerisreportedtoaMagistrateundertheprovisionsofthisCode,andsuchpropertyisnotproducedbeforeaCriminalCourtduringaninquiryortrial,theMagistratemaymakesuchorderashethinksfitrespectingthedisposalofsuchpropertyorthedeliveryofsuchpropertytothepersonentitledtothepossessionthereof,orifsuchpersoncannotbeascertained,respectingthecustodyandproductionofsuchproperty. (2)Ifthepersonsoentitledisknown,theMagistratemayorderthepropertytobedeliveredtohimonsuchconditions(ifany)astheMagistratethinksfitandifsuchpersonisunknown,theMagistratemaydetainitandshall,insuchcase,issueaproclamationspecifyingthearticlesofwhichsuchpropertyconsists,andrequiringanypersonwhomayhaveaclaimthereto,toappearbeforehimandestablishhisclaimwithinsixmonthsfromthedateofsuchproclamation." 7.TheprovisionscontainedunderthePCSA,wouldalsoberequiredtobeadvertedto. 8.ThePCSAisanActtopreventtheslaughterofcowanditsprogenyintheStateofUttarPradesh.Section5-AoftheActwhichiswithregardtoregulationontransportofcow,etc.,andisrelevantforthepurposesofthecontroversyinvolvedinthepresentcase,isbeingextractedbelow:- "5-A.Regulationontransportofcow,etc.-(1)Nopersonshalltransportorofferfortransportorcausetobetransportedanycow,orbullorbullock,theslaughterwhereofinanyplaceinUttarPradeshispunishableunderthisAct,fromanyplacewithintheStatetoanyplaceoutsidetheState,exceptunderapermitissuedbyanofficerauthorisedbytheStateGovernmentinthisbehalfbynotifiedorderandexceptinaccordancewiththetermsandconditionsofsuchpermit. (2)Suchofficershallissuethepermitonpaymentofsuchfeenotexceeding[fivehundredrupees]foreverycow,bullorbullockasmaybeprescribed: Providedthatnofeeshallbechargeablewherethepermitisfortransportofthecow,bullorbullockforalimitedperiodnotexceedingsixmonthsasmaybespecifiedinthepermit. (3)Wherethepersontransportingacow,bullorbullockonapermitforalimitedperioddoesnotbringbacksuchcow,bullorbullockintotheStatewithintheperiodspecifiedinthepermit,heshallbedeemedtohavecontravenedtheprovisionofsub-section(1). (4)Theformofpermit,theformofapplicationthereforandtheprocedurefordisposalofsuchapplicationshallbesuchasmaybeprescribed. (5)TheStateGovernmentoranyofficerauthorisedbyitinthisbehalfbygeneralorspecialnotifiedorder,may,atanytime,forthepurposeofsatisfyingitself,orhimself,astothelegalityorproprietyoftheactiontakenunderthissection,callforandexaminetherecordofanycaseandpasssuchordersthereonasitorhemaydeemfit]. (6)WherethesaidconveyancehasbeenconfirmedtoberelatedtobeefbythecompetentauthorityorauthorisedlaboratoryunderthisAct,thedriver,operatorandownerrelatedtotransport,shallbechargedwiththeoffenceunderthisAct,unlessitisnotprovedthatthetransportmediumusedincrime,despiteallitsprecautionsandwithoutitsknowledge,hasbeenusedbysomeotherpersonforcausingtheoffence. (7)ThevehiclebywhichthebeeforcowanditsprogenyistransportedinviolationoftheprovisionsofthisActandtherelevantrules,shallbeconfiscatedandseizedbythelawenforcementofficers.TheconcernedDistrictMagistrate/CommissionerofPolicewilldoallproceedingsofconfiscationandrelease,asthecasemaybe. (8)Thecowanditsprogenyorthebeeftransportedbytheseizedvehicleshallalsobeconfiscatedandseizedbythelawenforcementofficers.TheconcernedDistrictMagistrate/Commissionerwilldoallproceedingsoftheconfiscationandrelease,asthecasemaybe. (9)Theexpenditureonthemaintenanceoftheseizedcowsanditsprogenyshallberecoveredfromtheaccusedforaperiodofoneyearortillthereleaseofthecowanditsprogenyinfavouroftheownerthereofwhicheverisearlier. (10)Whereapersonisprosecutedforcommitting,abetting,orattemptingtoanoffenceunderSections3,5and8ofthisActandthebeeforcow-remainsinthepossessionofaccusedhasbeenprovedbytheprosecutionandtransportedthingsareconfirmedtobebeefbythecompetentauthorityorauthorisedlaboratory,thentheCourtshallpresumethatsuchpersonhascommittedsuchoffenceorattemptorabatementofsuchoffence,asthecasemaybe,unlessthecontraryisproved. (11)WheretheprovisionsofthisActortherelatedrulesincontextofsearch,acquisition,disposalandseizurearesilent,therelevantprovisionsoftheCodeofCriminalProcedure,1973shallbeeffectivethereto." 9.Itwouldbepertinenttonotethatsub-sections(6),(7),(8),(9),(10)and(11)havebeeninsertedaftersub-section(5)ofSection5-AintermsoftheUttarPradeshPreventionofCowSlaughter(Amendment)Act,2020.[U.P.Actno.20of2020]. 10.AplainreadingoftheprovisionscontainedunderSection5-AofthePCSAwouldindicatethatthetransportationofcow,etc.,isregulatedintermsthereof.Sub-section(1)ofSection5-Acontainsaclearprohibitionontransportationofanycoworbullorbullock,theslaughterwhereofinanyplaceinUttarPradeshispunishableundertheAct,fromanyplacewithintheStatetoanyplaceoutsidetheState,exceptunderapermittobeissuedbyanofficerauthorisedbytheStateGovernmentinthisbehalfbynotifiedorderandexceptinaccordancewiththetermsandconditionsofsuchpermit.Sub-section(4)mandatesthattheformofpermit,theformofapplicationthereforandtheprocedurefordisposalofsuchapplicationshallbesuchasmaybeprescribed. 11.InexerciseofpowersunderSection10ofthePCSAreadwithSection21oftheU.P.GeneralClausesAct,1904,andinsupersessionofUttarPradeshPreventionofCowSlaughterRules,1956,theUttarPradeshPreventionofCowSlaughterRules,19645weremade.Rule16oftheRules,1964providesforissuanceofapermitinaprescribedformtoanypersonintendingtotransportortoofferfortransportortocausetotransportanycow,bullorbullock,theslaughterwhereofispunishableundertheActinanyplaceinUttarPradeshfromanyplacewithintheStatetoanyplaceoutsidetheState.Foreaseofreference,Rule16oftheRules,1964isbeingreproducedbelow:- "16.(1)Anypersonintendingtotransportortheofferfortransportortocausetotransportanycow,bullorbullock,theslaughterwhereofispunishableunderthisActinanyplaceinUttarPradeshfromanyplacewithintheStatetoanyplaceoutsidetheStateshallapplyforapermittotheofficerauthorisedunderSection5-AoftheActonprescribedForm"G"." 12.IntermsofSection2oftheAmendingActi.e.U.P.ActNo.20of2020bymeansofwhichsub-sections(6),(7),(8),(9),(10)and(11)havebeeninsertedinSection5-A,thepowerswithregardtoconfiscationandseizureofwhichvehicleusedintransportationofthebeeforcowanditsprogeny,inviolationoftheprovisionsofthisActandtherelevantruleshavebeendelineated. 13.Aspertermsofsub-section(7)ofSection5-A,thevehiclebywhichthebeeforcowanditsprogenyarebeingtransportedinviolationoftheActandtherelevantrulesistobeconfiscatedandseizedbythelawenforcementofficersandconcernedDistrictMagistrate/CommissionerofPolicearetoundertakeproceedingsofconfiscationandrelease,asthecasemaybe. 14.Sub-section(11)ofSection5-AprovidesthatwheretheprovisionsofActortherelatedrulesincontextofsearch,acquisition,disposalandseizurearesilent,therelevantprovisionsoftheCodeshallbeeffectivethereto.TheprovisionsinsertedunderSection5-AintermsoftheaforesaidAmendingAct,i.e.U.P.ActNo.20of2020inrespectofconfiscationandreleaseofvehiclewouldtherefore,gotoshowthattheschemeoftheActprovidesacompleteprocedurewithregardtoproceedingsrelatingtoconfiscationandrelease.Thenecessaryprovisionswithregardtoconfiscation,seizureandreleaseofvehicleusedfortransportationinviolationoftheprovisionsofPCSAandtheRulesmadetherein,havingbeingprovidedfor,andtheActandtheRulesnotbeingsilentinregardtheretoasperthestipulationundersub-section(11)ofSection5-A,theprovisionsoftheCodewouldnotbeinvocableinmattersrelatingtoconfiscation,seizureandreleaseunderthePCSA. 15.Section5oftheCodecontainsasavingclauseandaspertermsthereofnothingcontainedintheCodeshall,intheabsenceofaspecificprovisiontothecontrary,affectanyspecialorlocallawforthetimebeinginforce,oranyspecialjurisdictionorpowerconferred,oranyspecialformofprocedureprescribed,byanyotherlawforthetimebeinginforce. 16.TheapplicabilityoftheprovisionsoftheCodeinanareacoveredbyaspecialorlocallaw,inthecontextofthesavingclauseundersection5oftheCodewasconsideredintheConstitutionBenchjudgmentinthecaseofMaruRamVs.UnionofIndia6andalsoinState(UnionofIndia)Vs.RamSharan7,anditwasheldthatthesectionconsistsofthreecomponents:(i)theCodecoversmatterscoveredbyit;(ii)ifaspecialorlocallawexistscoveringthesamearea,thesaidlawissavedandwillprevail;(iii)ifthereisaspecialprovisiontothecontrary,thatwilloverridethespecialorlocallaw. 17.ThePCSAisa"locallaw"withinthemeaningofSection5oftheCodeandinviewthereof,thegeneralprovisionscontainedunderSections451oftheCodewithregardtocustodyanddisposalofthepropertypendingtrialorthepowerformakinganorderfordisposalofpropertyattheconclusionoftrialunderSection452ortheprocedureunderSection457wouldtherefore,besubjecttothepowersexercisableunderSection5-AofthePCSAwhichmakesaspecialprovisionwithregardtoconfiscationandseizureofthevehicleusedfortransportincontraventionoftheprovisionsoftheAct. 18.TheprovisionsunderSection451to457oftheCodeareinthenatureofgeneralprovisionswhereastheprovisionsrelatingtoseizure,confiscationandreleaseascontainedunderSection5-AofthePCSAwhichexpresslydealwiththesematterswouldbeinthenatureofspecialprovisionscontainedunderaspecialActandinviewthereof,thenormalruleofinterpretationthatthespecialprovisionmustprevailoverthegeneralandifacaseiscoveredbyaspecialprovision,thegeneralprovisionwouldnotbeattracted,wouldbeapplicable. 19.InthecaseofSunderbhaiAmbalalDesai(supra),whichissoughttobereliedupononbehalfoftheapplicant,thesubjectmatterofconsiderationwasachallengewhichhadbeenraisedtoanorderofpoliceremandgrantedtotheprosecutingagencyforthepetitionerstherein,whowerepolicepersonnelinvolvedinoffencespunishableunderSections429,420,465,468,477-Aand114oftheIndianPenalCode,18608onallegationsthattheyhadcommittedoffencesduringaperiodoftimebyreplacingofvaluablearticlesretainedascasepropertybyotherspuriousarticles,misappropriationoftheamountwhichwaskeptatthepolicestation,unauthorisedauctionofthepropertywhichwasseizedandkeptinthepolicecustodypendingtrialandtamperingwiththerecordsofthepolicestation.TheoffenceswhichweresubjectmatterofthecasewereunderthepenalcodeandnotunderaspecialAct,andaccordingly,theprovisionsunderSections451and457wereapplicable.ThejudgmentinthecaseSunderbhaiAmbalalDesai(supra),whichisanauthorityrelatingtoreleaseofvehiclesseizedinconnectionwithcriminalproceedingsundergenerallawwouldnotbeapplicableunderthefactsofthepresentcasewhichrelatetoproceedingsunderaspecialAct,particularlyinviewoftheprovisionsunderSection5oftheCode. 20.AsimilarquestionastowhethertheMagistratewouldhavejurisdictiontoexercisepowersunderSections451,452and457oftheCodetodirectreleaseofanypropertywhichwassubjectmatterofconfiscationproceedingsunderSection72oftheU.P.ExciseAct,19109beforetheCollector,wasconsideredinarecentjudgementofthisCourtinthecaseofVikkiVsStateofU.P.andAnother10andtakingintoconsiderationthattheExciseActisalocallawwithinthemeaningofSection5oftheCode,itwasheldthattheprovisionscontainedunderSection72oftheExciseActwouldhavetheeffectofdenudingtheMagistrateofhispowertopassanyorderunderSection457oftheCodeforreleaseofanyarticleseizedinconnectionwithanoffencepurportingtohavebeencommittedundertheAct. 21.Applyingtheaforesaidprincipletothefactsofthepresentcase,thevehicleinquestionhavingbeenconfiscatedandseizedinexerciseofpowersunderSection5-AofthePCSA,whichisinthenatureofaspecialActandalocallawunderSection5oftheCode,thesamewouldclearlyhavetheeffectofdenudingtheMagistrateofhispowertopassanyorderunderSections451,452and457oftheCodeforreleaseofthevehicleseizedforallegedviolationoftheprovisions
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