English Typing Test

twenty-fourhoursofsucharrestexcludingthetimenecessaryforthejourneyfromtheplaceof arresttothecourtofthemagistrateandnosuchpersonshallbedetainedincustodybeyondthesaid periodwithouttheauthorityofamagistrate". 132.Article22(4)dealswithPreventiveDetention.Article23prohibitstrafficinhumanbeingsand othersimilarformsofforcedlabour.Article24providesthat"nochildbelowtheageoffourteen yearsshallbeemployedtoworkinanyfactoryormineorengagedinanyotherhazardous employment. 133.Articles25,26,27and28dealwiththefreedomofreligion.Article25(1)providesthat"subject topublicorder,moralityandhealthandtotheotherprovisionsofthisPart,allpersonsareequally entitledtofreedomofconscienceandtherightfreelytoprofess,practiseandpropagatereligion." Article26enableseveryreligiousdenominationorsectionthereof,subjecttopublicorder,morality andhealth,toestablishandmanageinstitutionsforreligiousand,charitablepurposes;tomanage theirownaffairsinmattersofreligion,toownandacquiremovableandimmovableproperty,andto administersuchpropertyinaccordancewithlaw.Article27enablespresonstoresistpaymentof anytaxestheproceedsofwhicharespecificallyappropriatedinpaymentofexpensesforthe promotionormaintenanceofanyparticularreligionorreligiousdenomination.Article28deals withfreedomastoattendanceatreligiousinstructionorreligiousworshipincertaineducational institutions. 134.Article29(1)givesprotectiontominoritiesandprovidesthat"anysectionofthecitizens residingintheterritoryofIndiaoranypartthereofhavingadistinctlanguage,scriptorcultureofits ownshallhavetherighttoconservethesame."Article29(2)providesthat"nopersonshallbe deniedadmissionintoanyeducationalinstitutionmaintainedbytheStateorreceivingaidoutof Statefundsongroundsonlyofreligion,race,caste,languageoranyofthem. 135.Article30givesfurtherrightstominoritieswhetherbasedonreligionorlanguagetoestablish andadministereducationalinstitutionsoftheirchoice.Article30(2)prohibitstheStatefrom discriminatingagainstanyeducationalinstitution,ingrantingaidtoeducationalinstitutions,onthe groundthatitisunderthemanagementofaminority,whetherbasedonreligionorlanguage. 136.Aswillbeshownlatertheinclusionofspecialrightsforminoritieshasgreatsignificance.They wereclearlyintendedtobeinalienable. 137.TherighttopropertycomeslastandisdealtwiththeArticle31.Asoriginallyenacted,itdealt withtherighttopropertyandpreventeddeprivationofpropertysavebyauthorityoflaw,andthen providedforcompulsoryacquisitionforpublicpurposesonpaymentofcompensation.Ithadthree significantprovisions,whichshowtheintentionoftheConstitution-makersregardingproperty rights.ThefirstisArticle31(4).Thisprovisionwasintendedtoprotectlegislationdealingwith agrarianreforms.Thesecondprovision,Article31(5)(a),wasdesignedtoprotectexistinglegislation dealingwithcompulsoryacquisition.Someacts,savedby
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