English Typing Test

amendmentofArticle368whichhasbeenbroughtaboutinthemannerprescribedbythatarticle wouldnotsufferfromanyConstitutionalorlegalinfirmity.Imaymentioninthiscontextthatan amendmentoftheUSConstitutioninaccordancewithArticle5oftheUSConstitutiondoesnot requiretheassentofthePresident.ThechangemadebytheTwentyfourthAmendmentinthe ConstitutionofIndia,towhichourattentionhasbeeninvited,hasnotdoneawaywiththeassentof thePresidentbuthasmadeitobligatoryforhimtogivehisassenttotheConstitutionAmendment BillafterithasbeenpassedinaccordancewithArticle368.AsitisnotnowopentothePresidentto withholdhisassenttoaBillinregardtoaConstitutionalamendmentafterithasbeendulypassed, theelementofpersonaldiscretionofthePresidentdisappearsaltogether.Evenapartfromthat, underourConstitutionthepositionofthePresidentisthatofaConstitutionalheadandthescope forhisactinginexerciseofhispersonaldiscretionisrathersmallandlimited.1541.Referencewas madeduringthecourseofargumentstotheprovisionsofSection6oftheIndianIndependenceAct, 1947.AccordingtoSub-section(1)ofthatsection,theLegislatureofeachofthenewDominions shallhavefullpowertomakelawsforthatDominion,includinglawshavingextra-territorial opeartion.Sub-section(6)ofthesectionprovidedthatthepowerreferredtoinSub-section(1)of thissectionextendstothemakingoflawslimitingforthefuturethepowersoftheLegislatureofthe Dominion.Nohelp,inmyopinion,canbederivedfromtheaboveprovisionsbecausethe ConstituentAssemblyframedandadoptedtheConstitutionnotonthebasisofanypowerderived fromSection6oftheIndianIndependenceAct.Onthecontrary,themembersoftheConstituent AssemblyframedandadoptedtheConstitutionastherepresentativesofthepeopleandonbehalfof thepeopleofIndia.ThisisclearfromtheopeningandconcludingwordsofthePreambletothe Constitution.Thereis,indeed,noreferencetotheIndianIndependenceActintheConstitution exceptaboutitsrepealinArticle395oftheConstitution. 1542.Apartfromtheabove,IfindthatallthatSub-section(6)ofSection6oftheIndian IndependenceActprovidedforwasthatthepowerreferredtoinSub-section(1)wouldextendtothe makingoflawslimitingforthefuturethepowersoftheLegislatureoftheDominion.The ProvisionalParliamentactingastheConstituentAssemblyactuallyframedtheConstitutionwhich placedlimitationsontheordinarylegislativepowerofthefutureParliamentsbyprovidingthatthe legislativelawswouldnotcontravenetheprovisionsoftheConstitution.Atthesametime,the ConstituentAssemblyinsertedArticle368intheConstitutionwhichgavepowertothetwoHouses offutureParliamentstoamendtheConstitutionincompliancewiththeprocedurelaiddowninthat article.ThereisnothinginSection6oftheIndianIndependenceAct
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